Bacterail Toxicity Testing

Product No. 5032

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A microplate toxicity bioassay to determine acute and chronic toxicity in water, effluents, and other liquids.

The Toxi-ChromoTestTM procedure exposes the bacteria to the toxicants in the sample for a short (90-minute) incubation period. After the incubation period, a chromogenic substrate is added. If the sample is toxic, no colour will develop and if the sample is non-toxic, a distinctive blue colour quickly develops. The kit provides a clear, completely objective measurement of the toxicity of the sample by a simple visual qualitative evaluation of the colour obtained, or quantitatively by spectrophotometry using a micro-plate reader.

The Toxi-ChromoTestTM kit endpoint is either partial or complete enzyme inhibition related to toxic stress the test organism is exposed to. It’s endpoint is a simple color change that can be determined visually or using a plate reader at a wavelength of 610nm for a quick and easy toxicity test.

The Toxi-ChromoTestTM kit contains three sets of components and, therefore, allows four separate testing procedures to be completed at the same or different times.

EPA Toxicity Test

In 2006, the Toxi-ChromoTestTM was verified by the ETV program under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Characteristics

Each Toxi-ChromoTest kit can be used for a total of 192 tests. These tests must include standards and controls (using at least 32 units.) Thus, a single kit can screen 160 samples for yes/no response without replicates.

It is necessary to allow sample dilutions and replicates, thus testing of no more than 20 samples with each kit for reliable and quantitative bioassays is recommended.

Applications

Applications for the Toxi-ChromoTestTM include screening of effluents for changes in toxicity levels, monitoring of municipal discharges for occasional spills, inclusion in a "battery of tests" for monitoring aqueous environmental samples, detection of potential toxicity in raw materials, and use as a convenient research and teaching tool.

Used within Universities across North America, the Toxi-ChromoTestTM kit can be tailored to meet the demands of any university student. Used in support of a graduate thesis, or as a learning tool for laboratory use at the undergraduate level.

Bacterial Toxicity


 For more information please download EBPI's handout for the Toxi-ChromoTest Kit.


The procedure exposes the bacteria to the toxicants in the sample for a short (90-minute) incubation period. After the incubation period, a chromogenic substrate is added. If the sample is toxic, no colour will develop and if the sample is non-toxic, a distinctive blue colour quickly develops. The kit provides a clear, completely objective measurement of the toxicity of the sample by a simple visual qualitative evaluation of the colour obtained, or quantitatively by spectrophotometry using a micro-plate reader.